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January 15, 2011
This construction uses 4" XPS rigid insulation between two 2" concrete foundation walls tied with connector rods. The slab is insulated with 2" XPS rigid insulation under slab and the rim joist is insulated with closed cell high density spray foam insulation.
- Free draining backfill
- Dampproofing to grade
- 4" XPS rigid insulation between two 2" concrete foundation walls (over a capillary break on the concrete footing) tied with connector rods
- Concrete foundation slab
- 6 mil polyethylene vapor barrier under slab
- 2" XPS rigid insulation under slab
- 4” stone pad (no fines)
- Undisturbed/ native soil
This construction strategy has an installed insulation R-value of R-20, and has a predicted annual heating energy loss of 19.24 MBtus. Unlike some of the other wall systems there may be thermal mass benefits of the interior exposed surface of concrete. There is a small thermal bridge through the footing and interior surface of concrete that does increase the energy required over a wall that is insulated completely on the interior.
Four inches of XPS is a great vapor diffusion resister and capillary break for inward moisture movement. There is still capillary wicking potential through the footing into the interior surface of concrete resulting in moisture at the interior surface evaporating into the interior space if it is not detailed correctly. This potential moisture issue can be solved by using a capillary break (either liquid applied or plastic based) on the top of the footing as noted in the design details in figure above. Unlike some of the other proposed foundation wall systems, the exposed concrete in this system will provide moisture buffering capacity, once it has dried.
Constructability and Cost
This construction strategy is not very common, but is very durable because the XPS is sealed into the concrete and protected from interior and exterior damage. This wall design is more expensive than installing 4” on the interior or the exterior.
This proposed wall type may not be locally available.
Mitalas, G.P., Calculation of Basement Heat Loss, National Research Council Canada.